鲜度对水产品品质及原料的加工适性有着巨大影响，直接决定了产品价值。 鲜度检验对水产品安全、运输、仓储及加工有重要意义。 现有鲜度检验方法虽有其优点，但存在主观、片面、耗时等缺陷，如何快速、客观评价水产品鲜度已成为水产品加工业亟待解决的课题。 在介绍水产品鲜度变化机制的基础上，着重介绍了用于水产品鲜度评价的几种不同方法，包括感官评价、微生物评价、化学评价、物理评价及鲜度指示蛋白评价等，并分析了不同测定方法的优缺点。
The research on aquatic products safety and the quality control technology was summarized and analyzed to reveal the present situation of aquatic products safety and quality control in China. Most of the research was focus on quality detection and control technology, others were about tracing system, early warning mechanism and risk assessment. At present, the enormous progress was made in technologies of quality detection and control. However, comparing with the advanced technology at abroad, the technology and management system in China still need to be improved. In the future, the aquatic food quality security technology should be promoted furtherly.